Allegory of the Cave 29
Allegory of the Cave 29 dqh788 Human Freedom Freedom in mind, freedom in nature, and freedom in subjectivity of individual are three kinds of freedoms. However, freedom should he expressed within the limits of reason and morality. Having freedom equals having the power to think, to speak, and to act without externally imposed restrains. Asa matter of fact, finding freedom in order to live free is the common idea in Plato with “The Allegory of the Cave”; Henry David Thoreau with ” Where lived and What I lived for”; and Jean Paul Sartre with Existentialism-. Generally, Plato, Thoreau, and
Sartre suggested that human lite should be tree They differ in what that freedom is, Plato thinks it is found in the world of intellect, Thoreau thinks freedom is found in nature. and Sartre thinks freedom is found in subjectivity of individual. Plato found freedom in the world of intellect. Let’s take a look at his quote: “The prison house is the world of sight, the light of fire is the sun, and you will not misapprehend me if you interpret, the journey upwards to be ascent of the soul into the intellectual world according to my poor belief, which, at your desire, have expressed- whether rightly or wrongly god knows.
According to Plato, ‘the prison house- is an endless dark cave for prisoners Who were unable to turn from darkness to light. It is also the place where they could see the shadow of the real world. “Sight”, of course, becomes an abstract word in this quote. Its universal definition is the ability to see or the act of seeing thing. In other words, using the conceptual primitives which reduce the complex meaning to its core form “sight” redefined as, to see with eyes, In Indo- European, the root word of sight is sekvv-2 .
The concrete word of sight is spectacle which means something hat can be seen or view, especially something of a remarkable or impressive nature. Something can be seen or view is the darkness and the shadow of the real world they open their eyes, and something of a remarkable or impressive nature is what they saw in the intellectual world when they close their eyes and think forward, “Spectacle” is the big endless and dark cave for the prisoners with their eyes open, but when they close their eyes, they will see the beautiful spectacles of the real life, of a bright future in the invisible world, or the intellect world.
For examples, when people go to the circuit, they will see the elephants, otton candies, and lousy noises. If they close their e’ßS, they will see different incredible things at the circuit in the intellectual world. Instead of seeing those jumping elephants, cotton candies, and lousy noises, they will see the real beautiful circuit with different spectacles in their intellectual world. They will see what they have expected to see, and that is called “freedom of mind”. However. Plato has expressed his freedom of mind in the intellectual world.
Once again, the concept of the uuord “sight” was defined in 1914 by William Shakespeare which states that: “Mine eye my heart thy picture’s sight would bar My heart mine eye the freedom of that right? ” Shakespeare described his freedom similarly to Plato. He talked about his freedom of love with a woman despite being blindly in love with her. Moreuer, Shakespeare was able to express his freedom of love. He had freedom to love anyone that he gave his heart to. He blindly fell in love with that woman.
Shakespeare expressed the freedom of his love in his mind by loving the beautiful woman, Compared to Shakespeare, Plato described freedom of prisoners in the intellectual world. However, they hoth meant people can do anything in the intellectual world or in people’s mind. Where lived and what I lived foo, was written by Henry David Thoreau, discusses how freedom is found in nature. His quote, “I want to live deep and suck out all the marrow of lite, to live so sturdily and Spartan-like as to put to rout all that was not life. , deals with the freedom of man and how he can do anything in this essential life. Thoreau went to live in the woods and dwelt With nature. Moreover, he wanted to live deep and enjoyed this natural life. The word “deep”, from this quote, is the abstract word. Oheub- is the India European root word of “deep”. Hollow, derived from Old English, must be the concrete word of “deep” Why does hollouu relate ro deep? “Deep” is actually defined as extending far downward below a surface, Hollow means having a cavity. gap, or space within, In effect, it also means a person doesn’t think much about life. ut rather nature. Thoreau veanted to live his life like a hollow place that no one can find him, 50 he could forger. all those sorrcwful things in the past, and harmonize with nature. He wanted to throw all those unhappy memories away, so he could live free and blended himself with nature. The author wanted to live deepty, and only worried about the nature surrounding him. “Deep” is also confirmed in Oxford English Dictionary by Hall, Bp. Joseph 1614. He stated: “He is happily waded out of those deepes of sorrowes, whereof our conceites can finde no bottome. He is trying to say that life contains many kinds of sorrows and anguishes, but we have to find happiness for ourselves. This is What Thoreau has tried to tell the readers also. Joseph has found his happiness in nature by leaving all those deeps ot regrets behind. Joseph did this by washing out all those unhappy things to live more confident and independent. Compared to Henry David Thoreau. Hall, Bp. Joseph has similar ideas. Obviously, Thoreau is a little more specific on what he wants to o, and where he wants to live.
Obviously, the place that he wants to live is naturaL That is called freedom of living nature. As same as Thoreau, Hall Bp. Joseph also mentioned about his freedom of living Sartre thinks freedom is found in subjectiviry of individual, Let’s take close look at his quote! He stated: “To choose to he this or that is to affirm at the same time the value of what we choose, because we can never choose evil. We always choose the good, and nothing can be good for us without being good for all. ‘ “Choose- is an abstract word in this quote. The simple definition of choose is to pick out a thing. make a decision. In other words, the prime defines choose as an act to select from a number of possible alternatives, decide on and pick our. Its the root word of Indo-European is geus-: and “test” is concrete word. There is relationship between choose and test. To test mean to determine to pick the best one. Test is the good determination to choose a good decision. If man has a good test of himself, he can choose a good decision and create anything in this world by himself without thinking about the consequences. The author didn’t only talk about himself, but he also meant that men can do anything. ake any decision f they believed in themselves, and they don’t have to follow the consequences of their actions because whatever they do, and they always think it is good, not evil. gy that meaning, human beings can do or be anything it they want without thinking about the responsibiliry ot their actions. Thar’s what Sartre call act of free or self creation. It is also What Sartre meant on this passage. Now track back to the Oxford English Dictionary, we are going to see its meaning again on this quote following by Stephen R. Convey quote: “While we are free to choose our actions, we are not free to choose the consequences of our action”.
Stephen that an do anything, and make any decision even though it is bad or good, we never want to think our consequences of our actions, We always make decisions and do things Without thinking about the responsibilities and consequences. It is “free will”, and that’s what Sartre also meant in his quote. However, Sartre has the similar idea with Stephen; they both wanted to do anything and create their own human nature, and our value of freedom through those free choices. Generally, Sartre suggested that men have freedom to construct their nature and essence through their actions. Plato, Thoreau, and
Sartre suggested that human life should be free. They had different points of view about freedom, but combining Plato’s freedom in mind, Thoreau’s freedom in nature, and Sartre’s freedom in subjectivity of individual gives people the clear and perfect image of freedom. Understanding freedom is the first step to find freedom in the real life. So in relevant, college students haue freedom to think critically. Students’ freedom is able to study whatever they want, and find out their own roads to the bright future. However. how to use correctly freedom is the hard question to students in this real life.