Allegory of the Cave- Plato Republic
Allegory of the Cave- Plato Republic yeee21 Ilegory Anthony Guerra Professor Neilson Philosophy gamp; Ethics 14 October 2010 The Allegory of the Cave and The Matrix 800k VII of The Republic begins with Socrates’ “Allegory of the Cave. ” The purpose of this allegory is to “make an image of our nature in its education and want of education” in other words, it illustrates Socrates’ model of education. In addition, the allegory corresponds pertecrty to the analogy ot the divided line.
However, this Cave Analogy is also an applicable theme in modern times, for example, the movie. The Matrix. s loosely based off the Allegory. The cave is underground and dark; it consists of human beings who have been living down there since childhood. These people are almost like prisoners since they are chained to a wall and, due to their chains, face one direction. In front of these people, is a wall and behind them is a fire Objects are placed in front of the fire to project shadows on to the wall, However. he captive people do not realize that they are only seeing shadows of objects, they perceive the shadows to be reality since their entire life they have only see the shadows. Socrates then proposes the scenario that a prisoner is free and able to stand up and turn around. There is also a person there to guide him and show him the objects that cast the shadows. Yet, the captive would not even be able to recognize the objects since he believes that the shadows are real.
Next, the person would be inclined to look at the fire, which would in turn be so brilliant that it would blind him and force him to look back at the shadows. Then if someone forced the person out ofthe cave, he would be angry since it would be uch a painful experience, mostly due to the sheer brilliance of the sun. Cuen though it is painful, the prisoner would eventually get used to the real world. He will be able to identifi/ the object that made the shadows on the cave wall. The prisoner will reach the point where he or she will be able to look upon the sun and realize how it is essential to life.
This relates to Socrates’ model of education because the one who leaves the cave is equivalent to a philosopher, someone with a true eros for knowledge. In Socrates’ mind education is not simpty an information exchange; rather it is a ainful experience, since all that one had previousty believed is typically wrong, This painful experience can he seen as the “philosopher” turns around and stares into the light and eventually learning that everything he had experienced in life were just shadows. These shadows in the cave are mere images, the lowest of the epistemological form of knowledge in the divided line.
The objects which produce these shadows are the sense particulars, The sense particulars ran rhen he counted e,g, three tree “puppets” this ability to count corresponds to the mathematical objects level f the divided line. Then once the person leaves the cave, he is able to see the actual forms, not just shadows or puppets, he is able to see the real object, and this conforms to the forms. Lastly, the sun is the thing that makes all life possible which is analogous to the ultimate Good which make all of the forms of knowledge even possible.
In contemporary times, the Allegory of the Cave can be seen being played our in the movie The Matrix. In the movie, there are two worlds, the world Which people live, a computer generated dream world. and the city of the robots. The people in he world do not know that they are prisoners of the robots or even think that they are prisoners, in fact, they do not even that there is an alternate world. In The Matrix, the main character, Neo, is one of the people living in this fantastical world.
However, he is given the choice benveen The two worlds in the form Of a pill. a blue pill and a red pill. The blue pill allows Neo to remain in the dream world and live ignorantly and the red pill will lead him to the truth. Consequently, Neo takes the red pill to seek truth. This is a clear parallel to the allegory of the cave. The people in the cave do not now that they are prisoners and do not belieue anything is wrong with how they live, lust as the people in The Matrix do not know that they are actualty prisoners and that their world is fake. The world which Neo has inhabited since birth is the Matrix, an illusory simulated reality construct of the world as it was in 1999 developed by the machines to keep the human population docile in their captivity’. Despite this, Neo is allowed to leave this world, just as the “philosopher is able to leave the cave in order to discover the truttm Although the Allegory of the Cave and The Matrix are not exacts’ the same tory, they share a similar foundation, that being that the previous worlds that people had lived in were, in fact. ake. They also share the same idea ofa main character coming out of this false world and discovering truth. This is ultimately Socrates’ point of the allegory, that is, to be educated properly, which means coming out of ignorance and discovering the truth. Works Cited McAdoo, Oliver. “Matrix Philosophy – Slue or Red Pill? ” arrod. co. uk – Learn, expand your mind and act, Online, httpfl»vv. warrod. co. uk}essays}matrix. php (Accessed October 17, 2010) Plato, The Republic ot Plato, 2 Sub ed. New York: Basic Books, 1968.
Wikipedia , “The Matrix – Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia.. ” Online, http://enwikipedia. orgAnyikifThe_Matrix (Accessed October 1 7, 2010) [ 2], Plato, The Republic ot Plato, 2 Sub ed. New York: Basic Books, 1968. McAdoo, Oliver. “Matrix Philosophy – Slue or Red Pill? ” arrod. co. uk – Learn. expand your mind and act, Online, http:,”www. arrod. co. uk”essays}matrix. php (Accessed October 17, 2010) [41. Wikipedia , “The Matrix Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. ,” Online, httpWen. wikipedia. orgAviki/The_Matrix (Accessed October 17, 2010)