Antigone – 2
“Antigone” How can these two plays have so much in common? The plays Antigone and Hippolytus share numerous similarities, such as the environment of the characters, how the characters act and make bad choices and how in the end of the plays the tragic heroes end up dying or suffering for the mistakes they do. The characters make similar choices and mistakes. These two plays talk about gods and how men that do not obey the god? s orders are punished. These two plays have similar tragic endings.
The themes are the same, leaving to the tragic heroes and the audience a lesson. Theseus and Creon change opinions after they realize what they have done and they end up suffering because of the actions they make. “Ah glorious land of Pallas and of Athens, what a son is lost to you! Wretch that I am! Long, Cypris, long till I forget Thy curse! Theseus feels bad for exiling his son Hippolytus and for ask Poseidon to kill Hippolytus; now he sees that he should not have done that to Hippolytus(Hippolytus 132). “Lead me away.
I have been rash and foolish. I have killed my son and wife. I look for comfort lies here dead. Whatever my hands have touched has come to nothing. Fate has brought all my pride to a thought of dust” In this quote Creon sees the results of his bad choices and he feels guilty for not burying Polyneices and punishing Antigone just because he does what he wants to do(Antigone Exodus. 134-138). The Nurse and Haimon try to defend Phaedra and Antigone by saying nothing but the truth “What will you do son? Ruin those that love you? The Nurse tells Hippolytus what Phaedra feels for him, and asks neither him not to get mad at her because the nurse wants to help Phaedra, so Phaedra would not be depress nor comet suicide (Hippolytus 112). “You’ll never marry her while she lives-Creon says- Then she must die- but her death will cause another-Haimon says” In this quote Haimon is arguing with Creon about his father? s decisions defending Antigone because he does not want her to die nor die because he loves her while also saying that if she dies Haimon will kill himself (Antigone 3. 18-119). In both of these plays the main characters such as Creon, Antigone, Hippolytus and Theseus believe in gods and how they can be punished for the gods if they do not do what the gods say. “Knowledge truly is by far the most important part of happiness, but one must neglect nothing that the gods demand. Great words of the over-proud balanced by great falls taught us knowledge in our old age” (Antigone exude. 139-142).
The Chorus explains that all human being have the right to be happy, but they also must obey and follow their Gods? rules because if they do not do it, the gods somehow will punish them. “I love not Gods whose powers are of the night. -All Gods, my son, should have due reverence. -Yet men, like Gods, love better some than others” The huntsman warn Hippolytus that all the gods must be worshiped, and he must not ignore any god (Aphrodite) because he would not like to mess with them, but Hippolytus does not hear him (Hippolytus 100).
The choruses are judging and giving opinions to the characters such as Phaedra and Creon while trying to foreshadow what will happen next. “Reverence is a virtue, but strength lives in establish law: that must prevail. You have made your choice, your death is the doing of your conscious hand” The Chorus I telling Antigone that she will die because of disobeying her king? s orders that were not to burry Polyneices, but she did it anyway because that is how the gods say; foreshowing that she will cause her death (Antigone 4. 5-48). “But see- the Queen comes from her room. Out of the place her old nurse brings her- her own brow dark with a deepened gloom. What evil wrings her, that her beauty wastes away! ” The Chorus is describing how bad, tired and unhappy the queen looks because of her unreachable love; and how her sadness is seem for the whole kingdom, foreshowing that Phaedra will kill herself (Hippolytus 102). These two plays have tragic endings, and the tragic heroes such as Creon, Antigone, Hippolytus and Theseus end up suffering or dying. She stood before the altar, and her heart welcomed the knife her own hand guided, and a great cry burst from her lips for Megareus dead, and for Haimon dead, her sons; and her last breath was a curse for their father, the murderer of her sons. And she fell, and the dark flowed in through her closing eyes” Creon? s family is dead because he decides to let Antigone free too late, causing the dead of his family because Antigone hangs up herself and Haimon kill himself when he finds her dead, then Eurydice hears about her son? dead and she kill herself too, leaving Creon suffering (Antigone Exodos. 112-117). “Ah, all is over! Round her neck the noose, dead is our royal lady” Phaedra could not stand no more with her heart broken and being with a man that she does not love, so she decides to cause her death by hanging up herself(Hippolytus 116). VII. Body Paragraph #6 A. Main Points – TS: This kind of theme is applied today by the tragedies that the people cause because they do not pay attention to the warnings. 1. E: Millions of people have tragedies all the time, experts says that every 7 seconds a tragedy happens. . CM: Tragedies occur in so many ways around the world. 2. E: People say that most of the tragedies can be prevented if the people would listen more to other people? s advices. a. CM: People die because of love, or sometime they kill because of love. The play Antigone and Hippolytus have so much in common than they seem to sharing almost the same tragedies, themes and plots because they were written in the same times, and also because tragedies have to end up with an unhappy ending to be tragedie.
Something learned is that people should listen more to other people? s advices on time, and also having more than one opinion, so less tragedies would happen. Work cited Sophocles. “Antigone”. Adventures in appreciation. Trans. Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald. Ed. Fannie Safier and Kathleen T. Daniel. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1985. 491-523. Print. Euripides. “Hippolytus”. Eight Great Tragedies. Trans. F. L. Lucas. Ed. Sylvan Barnet, Morton Berman and William Burto. New York. New American Library. 1957. 94-132. Print.