“Antigone” – PPCA English Final

“Antigone” – PPCA English Final

The famous choral ode praises man as the highest of God’s creation. What particular qualities does man have that make him a marvel?
Traverse the seas, harness the earth. Rule the animal kingdom. Has language. Can make shelter for himself. Knows how to help himself. Power to choose good over evil.
How do man’s marvelous qualities express the idea in Psalm 139:14?`
God gave the gifts and free will
What is man’s great limitation?
Death
What kind of man is to be praised?
One who honors God, and the law of the land
What is Antigone’s attitude when brought before Creon?
Unrepentant for disobeying Creon. She believes strongly that she has done what is right.
Even though we may agree with Antigone in principle, what aspect of her attitude is offensive?
While she says that she has done what is honorable, in reality she is prideful and determined to have her own way.
What basic conflict develops between Creon, the protagonist, and Antigone, the antagonist?
Creon has refused Polynoices (Antigone’s brother) burial. Antigone buries him anyway, challenging the authority of Creon.
Besides Antigone’s violation of Creon’s edict, what else infuriates Creon?
He resents that he has been challenged by a woman. He does not back down because he thinks he will appear weak before others if he relents.
Explain Creon’s statement, “One of these girls has shown her lack of sense just now. the other had it from her birth.”
He thinks Antigone has always had an attitude problem, and Ismene now does because she tries to share in Antigone’s blame.
How does Haemon respond to his father?
Says that no woman is as important as Creon and he will obey him. However, he asks his father not to be so sure of his rightness.
What principle does Creon explain concerning a ruler first being able to rule his house?
That it is for children to stand by their parents regardless of what they do.
Does Creon’s principle of ruling his household seem to be the same as the one given in 1 Timothy 3:4-5?
no. Christian parents are to train their children to follow God first- not the parent if they deviate from God’s will.
Could Creon be called a good disciplinarian?
No. Creon does not discipline for the well being of his children, but to establish his own authority.
What is Creon’s view of women as leaders?
They should never be leaders at all
What good advice does Haemon give his father? Explain his analogies of the trees and the ship as they would apply to Creon
There are times to be flexible- if you can’t correct yourself and admit when you are wrong, you will break.
How does Creon respond to his son?
Refuses to believe or accept instruction from his son.
What does Teiresias prophesy?
That Creon’s refusal to bury Polynices and the punishment of Antigone would bring down the curses of the gods upon Thebes.
According to Teiresias, why do the gods refuse the sacrifice?
Because the dogs and birds have feasted on Polyneice’s corpse and defecated the altars
What does Teiresias advise concerning flexibility? how does this apply to Creon?
1. Give up his stiffness and cure the trouble he is in.
2. By pardoning Antigone and buring Polyneices, Creon may avoid the curse.
Of what does Creon accuse Teiresias? What basis does he have for his accusation?
Of prophesying for his own profit, of lying.
Nothing
What family tragedies does Creon suffer? how and why does each occur?
Haemon kills himself after Antigone’s death. Creon’s wife kills herself after Haemon’s death. Creon’s mistake resulted in the death of his son and wife.
What does the messenger say is the worst evil afflicting man?
Pride
Does Creon finally realize his responsibility for his tragedy? Explain.
Yes- he acknowledges that all of the deaths are a direct result of his own actions.
What is the choral moral at the end?
Happiness depends on wisdom. Prideful words are destructive.
Sophocles
Author of “Antigone” and “Oedipus the King”