Antigone: Prologue and Parados
ENG 9 HONORS MINICOZZI ANTIGONE SEPT ANTIGONE ENRICHMENT HW QUESTIONS [pic] prologue AND PARADOS VOCAB: |Decree | |Gouge | |Defy | |Absurdity | Compare Ismene and Antigone’s reaction to the edict. Describe the values and priorities of each sister. Describe Antigone’s state of mind in this scene?
How is her mindset revealed? What noble qualities does Antigone display? Does she reveal any faults? How does Ismene respond to Antigone’s request for help? What does her response say about her character? What does her line at the end reveal about her true feelings? What major theme does Sophocles introduce in this opening scene? Examine the references to destiny and describe the role fate plays for these characters. FIRST EPISODE AND STASIMON VOCAB |Furrow | | |Blithe | |Yoke | | |Deviate | | |Carrion | | |Meritorious | | |Hallowed | | According to Creon, what should the priorities of a good leader be? What is more important than anything else? Explain.
What is Creon’s most dominant trait as revealed in this opening statement? Is this positive or negative? Explain. Why is Eteocles given an honorable burial while Polynices is not? How is this decree related to Creon’s philosophy about leadership? Why is the Sentry afraid of bringing his news? What does this say about the citizens’ feelings in general toward Creon? What do Creon and the Sentry argue about at the end of the episode? How is this argument used for Creon’s character development? 14) After speaking of death, the chorus references which two characters (lines 419-421)? Why is this significant? 5) The chorus speaks of “inhumanity thanks to reckless daring. ” To which characters might this statement apply? SECOND EPISODE AND STASIMON VOCAB |Insolence | | |Prerequisite | | |Impiety | | |Consecrate | |Roil | | |Ensnare | | According to Antigone, why were Creon’s edicts not valid? To what does the choral Leader compare Antigone in the scene (line 525)? What is the significance of this comparison?
What do you think of Creon’s observation that “the stiffest stubborn wills fall the hardest”? How does Creon feel about Antigone? How could this attitude be ironic? Why was it so important for Antigone to burry Polynices? Do you think she would have done the same for her other brother? Why or why not? How does Antigone respond to Ismene’s “confession” that she helped her sister? Does Creon fear his son’s reaction? Does he feel guilty that he has condemned the woman that was to be his daughter-in-law? Describe this opinion of women.
THIRD EPISODE AND STASIMON VOCAB |Subordinate | | |Kindred | | |Staunch | | |Plunder | | According to Creon, what qualities should a son possess? What does Creon seem to need most? What does he fear most? How is all of this evident in this scene?
Cite lines for support. “What wound cuts deeper than a loved one turned against you? ” How is this line ironic, and what kind of irony is it? How may it foreshadow future events? In your own words, give Haemon’s argument in defense of Antigone, and Creon’s reaction to that argument. What opposing ideals are Creon and Haemon upholding in this quarrel? What forces in the play are opposing the powers of love? How does this love which each character feels motivate them and drive their actions? FOURTH EPISODE AND STASIMON VOCAB Dirge | | |Anguish | | |Reverence | | 1) According to the chorus, what has brought on Antigone’s fate? What do they suggest is her tragic flaw? Why does she not show the same devotion toward her other brother, who was killed as a hero defending the city? How, if at all, has Antigone changed? Does she fear death? Does she have any regrets? What is Creon’s attitude throughout the scene? Is there any indication that this attitude may be altered
FIFTH EPISODE AND STASIMON VOCAB |Waver | | |Augury | | |Amends | | |Affliction | |
What is ironic about Tiresias’s physical condition? What kind of irony is this? How has the prophet determined that the gods are unhappy with Creon? What advice does he give the ruler? How does Creon respond? According to Tiresias, what is the ultimate crime? Consider what Creon said about Antigone in the second episode and determine why this “crime” is ironic in retrospect. When angered, what further prophesy does Tiresias give to Creon? Does this seem just? Explain. On what basis does the chorus advise Creon to free Antigone and bury her brother? EXODUS VOCAB Bight | | |Hilt | | |Discreet | | |Herald | |
Creon had planned to go immediately to Antigone. Why then, does he first stop to perform the burial rites upon the body of Polynices? The messenger says, “Fortune lifts and Fortune fells the lucky and unlucky every day. ” What is the significance and wisdom of this statement? What does Creon realize now to be the worst crime (lines 1372-1373)? How does this compare to his ideas in episode one (question nine)? How does this demonstrate his character development?
How does Haemon’s mother, Eurydice, react to the news? What is the messenger’s concern for her? Quote and describe the references to blindness. How is this theme very significant at this point? Does Creon finally accept the full responsibility for all the deaths he has caused? Why or why not Do others blame Creon for what has happned? How does the chorus see him? 8) What realization does he come to at the end? How does this affect our view of him?