Antigone: QnA Flashcard

Antigone: QnA Flashcard

Who are Antigone and Ismene?
daughters of Oedipus, sisters of Eteocles and Polynices
Who are Eteocles and Polynices?
sons of Oedipus, brothers of Antigone and Ismene
How did Eteocles and Polynices die?
killed each other in battle
What is the setting of the play?
Thebes, right outside/front of palace
Form where was the enemy army, mentioned early in the play?
Argives from Argos
What decree from Creon creates a moral dilemma for Antigone?
no one buries/touches/goes near POlynices or be stoned to death
How does Ismene react to Antigone’s decision?
-doesn’t think they should go against the law/Creon’s decree and it isn’t worth dying for
-refuses to help Antigone
What is Creon’s logic with his decree?
a traitor should not be buried
How did Creon react to the Sentry’s message?
he was suspicious that the Sentry and guards were bribed to bury the body
When did the guards see Antigone bury the body?
after a dust storm, they heard a scream and saw her give three libations to the body
How was the body buried?
there was thin layer of dust/dirt over the body
Who reveals Antigone’s crime to Creon?
Sentry/watchman
What was the original punishment for burying Polynices?
stoned to death inside city walls
Which character provides comic relief to the play?
Sentry
-guards bet with sticks who would tell the news to Creon
-his only concern is preserving his life
-waited and rambled on
-panicked, denied wrongdoing
-relieved and eager when Antigone is believed to have done it
What was Antigone’s defense for committing her crime?
Creon didn’t have the right to go against the Gods and divine law
How did Creon punish Antigone?
barricaded her up in a tomb/cave to starve to death
How did Ismene react to Creon’s accusations?
she pleaded guilty with her sister
How did Antigone respond to Ismene’s change of heart?
-she was angry that she wanted to take credit in something she had no part in
-she wanted her to save herself
How did Haemon react to Creon’s decision?
-tried to reason with Creon and have Antigone saved
-sweared to never return if she died
-called Creon arrogant
How did Creon insult Haemon?
said that Antigone can be replaced and he is a woman’s slave
What message did Tiresias have for Creon?
if Creon doesn’t change his ways/decree, the Gods will be mad and punish the people of Thebes
What effect did the words of Tiresias have on the leader?
Leader accepted the message and tried to convince Creon to bury Polynices and let Antigone go
How did Creon’s attitude change after the visit of Tiresias?
-agreed to bury Polynices and let Antigone go
-afraid of the Gods’ punishment and didn’t want to continue fighting in a losing battle
What draws Creon and his men to Antigone’s prison?
they hear a scream (Haemon’s)
What does Creon see when he enters Antigone’s cave?
Antigone hanged herself and Haemon was screaming/crying by her side
How does Haemon react to the sight of Creon in the cave?
he tries to kill Creon with his sword but fails
What news did the messenger give to Eurydice?
Haemon fell on his sword and died while embracing Antigone
What news did the messenger give to Creon about Eurydice
Eurydice stabbed her heart and died at the altar
she cried for Megareus (hero killed in first assault), for Haemon, and cursed Creon for killing her son
How did Creon react to Eurydice’s death?
he prayed for a quick death to get rid of his misery and asks to be taken away/exiled himself
What were the Chorus’s last words?
“The mighty words of the proud are paid in full with mighty blows of fate, and at long last those blows will teach us wisdom.”
-pitied Creon for the tragedy brought upon himself
Who did the Chorus represent?
Theban elders/the people of Thebes
-support the monarchy and Creon’s power not decisions
Which character believed that money corrupts many men?
Creon
Which character pleads his innocence in the face of probable death?
Sentry
Who believed the laws of the gods superseded the laws of men?
Antigone
Which character confronts the king, calling his foolish?
Tiresias
Which character advises the king to follow the prophet’s advice?
Leader
Haemon
son of Creon
Antigone’s fiancé
kills himself with his sword
sided with Antigone
Eteocles
son of Oedipus
brother of Ismene and Antigone
sided with Thebes during war
killed while battling with Polynices
given full burial rights
Creon
new ruler of Thebes
Oedipus’s brother-in-law
married to Eurydice
father of Haemon
Eurydice
married to Creon
mother of Haemon
stabbed herself in the heart after finding out about Haemon’s death
Ismene
wanted to follow the law/government set by Creon
refused to help Antigone with burying Polynices
wanted to plead guilty and take the punishment Antigone so she wouldn’t be left alone
Tiresias
prophet
called Creon a fool
told him to bury Polynices and let Antigone go before the Gods punish him
Antigone
follows Gods’ divine law over Creon
buried Polynices against decree
punished by being barricaded in tomb
hung herself with her clothes
Haemon’s fiancé
sister of Ismene, Polynices,and Eteocles
Oedipus
father of Polynices, Eteocles, Ismene, and Antigone
previous King of Thebes
exiled and died
Sophocles
author of The Three Theban Plays
lived in Athens in 5 BC
Polynices
brother of Ismene, Antigone, and Eteocles
son of Oedipus
killed in combat with Eteocles
sided with traitors in war against Thebes
wanted to take throne from Eteocles?
Creon refused to bury his body