Antigone: Questions and Answers Flashcard

Antigone: Questions and Answers Flashcard

What is the background story of Oedipus Rex?
– His parents were King Laius and Queen Jocasta
– Oedipus was abandoned because of a prophecy stating he would kill his father
– His ankles were nailed together, choosing his name because it literally means “swollen feet” (in Greek)
– Baby Oedipus survived and was raised up as the Prince of Corinth
– He ran away from Corinth because of the prophecy
– Met his real father and kills him because of an argument, not knowing he was his father
– Oedipus kills Sphinx and becomes a hero (riddle: “what walks on 4 feet in the morning, 2 legs in the afternoon, 3 legs in the evening”)
– Oedipus gets Queen Jocasta as reward
– They have 4 kids
– Both find out their blood relation
– Queen commits suicide, Oedipus blinds himself
– Polynices betrays Thebes and fights against their army, which is lead by his bother, Etecoles
– Both of Oedipus’ sons slain in battle
– Jocasta’s brother takes over as king and takes custody of both girls; Antigone and Ismene.
Where does Antigone take place?
Ancient Greece, Thebes.
King Creon traits?
egotistical, arrogant, patriotic, harsh, threatening, merciless, tactical, sadistic
Guard traits?
loyal, determined, fearless, honest, witty
Haemon traits?
strong-willed, strategic
Antigone traits?
determined, loyal, rebellious, principled, implusive
Ismene traits?
obedient, logical, rational, cautious, loving
What is the exposition of the drama?
Oedipus’s story
What are some key plot developments, resulting in rising action?
– conversation between Antigone and Ismene
– conversation between Guard and Creon
– conversation between Prophet and Creon
– conversation between Creon and Haemon
– conversation between chorus and Creon
What is the climax?
The climax of Antigone is when Creon and Antigone have their confrontation, and Creon realizes he cannot overpower her. She goes on teasing and disobeying him, and so he angrily condemns her to death. Their argument is what will, eventually, decide the fate of Polynices and Antigone herself.
What is the resolution?
Antigone kills herself and Haemon chooses to commit suicide rather than live one more minute without her and furthermore, under his father’s harsh ruling. Eurydice likewise chooses to kill herself rather than live one more minute without her son and with her insensitive husband.
What is a Greek Tragedy?
A drama or literary work in which the main character is brought to ruin or suffers extreme sorrow, especially as a consequence of a tragic flaw, moral weakness, or inability to cope with unfavourable circumstances, which leads to their eventual downfall.
Define the 4 characteristics of an Aristotelian Hero?
1. Nobleness
2. Hamartia (tragic flaw; usually excessive pride)
3. Peripetia (the reversal of fortune)
4. Anagnorisis (discovery of downfall in their-self)
Is King Creon a tragic hero?
Creon’s tragic flaw is pride. He refused to agree that Antigone did the right thing in burying her brother. Creon wanted only that she obey his decree (and ignore the gods and social law). He realises he’s wrong when his son kills himself (his son tried to convince Creon that he was wrong) and when his wife kills herself. He’s lost everything (two people who tried to sway him and died, in effect, because he would not be moved). Creon’s final words are very telling “Fate has brought all my pride to a speck of dust.” That “speck of dust” is a double-edged sword. The dust that Antigone buries her brother with, and the dust that will be the remnants of his wife and son.
Creon is the tragic hero.
Is Antigone a tragic hero?
YES:
Antigone is considered a tragic hero, because tragic heroes have several qualities: They are royal, they have a tragic flaw that leads to their downfall, they have an unhappy ending, and lastly the character is worthy of concern. First, Antigone is royalty. This is shown through her bloodline in several ways. First, her father was Oedipus, who was the former king of Thebes. Also, her brothers were Polynices and Eteocles, who were supposed to rule Thebes with each brother switching off each year, until they both died in a civil war. Lastly, her uncle is Creon, who was the king of Thebes when Antigone(the play) ends.Next, Antigone does have a tragic flaw. Her tragic flaw is that she has hubris, which is excessive pride, and that leads her to be unbending. Ironically, Antigone means unbending in Greek. Because she is unbending, she will not denounce her decision to bury Polynices. This angers Creon, so he sentences her to death.Also, Antigone has an unhappy ending, as said before, she is sentenced to death. She is put in a rock hollow, which is like a cave, with only some food so Creon would not be guilty for Antigone’s death, because he would not know when she dies. In the rock hollow, Antigone commits suicide. However, if she would have waited a few hours, she would have been rescued by Creon, who changed his mind when Teiresias delivers a prophecy against KCreon foresentencing Antigone to death, and Koryphaios (the chorus leader) convinces Creon to heed the prophecy. So that is Antigone’s unhappy ending. Lastly, Antigone is a character worthy of concern. Ater all,it seems that Antigone is a girl who is being oppressed by her corrupt and paranoid uncle for committing an act of loyalty to her family. Because she is the protaganist, Antigone becomes worthy of concern.So because Antigone fullfills all the characteristics of a tragic hero, she can be considered the tragic hero.NO:
Antigone only dies. And while death is the ultimate loss, we learn nothing from HER death, and that’s why she isn’t the tragic hero.