Antigone: Questions and Answers
How are Antigone and Ismene related?
They are related as sisters.
Who are the two brothers mentioned in the prologue?
Polyneices and Eteoceles
How did the two brothers die?
They kill each other.
What is King Creon’s decree?
No one should bury Polyneices.
What does Antigone plan to do?
Bury him herself.
What is Ismene’s decision regarding the King’s decree?
She’s not going to help Antigone.
What does the Choragos compare Polyneices to in the Parados?
A wild eagle screaming.
What city has “seven gates in a yawning ring”?
What does the Chorus compare Thebes to?
Chariots singing for joy.
According to the Choragos, what does God hate?
God hates people who brag.
How does Oedipus die?
He gouges his eyes out.
Who says, “You should be cold with fear”?
Who is the new King of Thebes?
Creon is the new king of Thebes.
How did the new King of Thebes claim heir to the throne?
next in blood line (brother of Jocasta)
What crime has Polyneices committed in the opinion of the king?
He broke exile.
What news does the sentry bring to Creon?
Someone has already buried Polyneices.
How was it decided which of the sentries would bring the news about Polyneices to Creon?
They were playing dice.
How does Creon believe the act of burying Polyneices was carried out?
He says that it was an anarchist.
What does Creon demand that the sentry do?
Find out who buried Polyneices.
According to ode 1, what is the most wonderful of all the world’s wonders?
Man is the most wonderful thing.
Of all the winds, man has made himself secure against all except one. Which wind is that?
Late wind of death
List man’s accomplishments according to Ode 1.
Describe Polyneices’ tomb.
Lightly dusted with gold dust.
Who has the sentry captured and brought before King Creon?
How did the guards manage to capture Antigone?
They found her burying Polyneices.
How did Antigone react to being captured by the sentries?
She’s not a coward. She denies nothing.
What reason does Antigone give for defying Creon’s decree?
She says your not God. The laws of God about burying the dead are more important than your laws.
Who else does Creon have arrested in connection with the crime of burying Polyneices?
Their sister Ismene.
Why is Antigone angry with Ismene?
Ismene didn’t help Antigone bury their brother when she asked. Now she wants to share the blame.
Besides being Antigone’s uncle, how else were Creon and Antigone related?
Antigone is engaged to marry Creon’s son, Haimon.
What is to be Antigone’s punishment for burying her brother?
She’s going to be put to death.
According to Ode 2, who is the fortunate man?
The man “who has never tasted God’s vengeance.”
Who is the god who must not be made angry, according to Ode 2?
Zeus if he gets angry people will suffer from his anger.
What is Haimon’s initial response when his father asks how he feels about the King’s decision to execute Antigone?
He will obey his father, he agrees with him.
What does Creon say that men pray for?
They pray for attentive and dutiful sons.
Why is Creon intent on harshly punishing, even family members, all those who break the law?
To show his power.
What does Haimon claim is God’s crowning gift to man?
He thinks the gift to “reason.”
What does Haimon tell King Creon about the people of Thebes’ allegiance to him?
They fear him.
Whose point does the Choragos support?
He supports Haimon.
How does the city feel about Antigone’s crime?
They sighed sympathetically with Antigone.
While Creon is ranting at his son, what does the king threaten to do?
He will make Haimon watch Antigone’s death.
Describe Creon’s death sentence for Antigone?
He’s going to lock her in a vault in a wilderness.
According to Ode 3, what is it that “even the pure immortals cannot escape”?
Who is Aphrodite?
Goddess of Love.
Whose fate does Antigone compare to her own?
What does Antigone beg the people of Thebes to bear witness to?
She was unjustly judged.
Who does Antigone blame for her terrible misfortune?
According to the chorus, who is considered a virtue?
According to Ode 4, who was locked away in a brazen vault?
Who came to the princess while she was locked away?
Who “bore the gods’ prisoning anger for his pride”?
What is the “half remembered tale of horror” that old man tell?
Ares wife watched ripped out the eyes of his sons.
Who is the blind prophet who comes to speak to King Creon?
What does the prophet claim that he heard which frightened him?
He heard birds fighting.
What happened when the prophet began “the rites of burnt-offering at the altar”?
He says that instead of flourishing they melt.
What does the prophet claim to be the cause of the gods’ reaction to their offerings?
The Gods are angry.
What does the prophet claim can be done to repair the evil performed against the gods?
If Creon changes his mind.
What is King Creon’s reaction to Teiresias’ message?
He says,” “Get out of here!”
What is it that Creon claims all prophets love?
All prophets love to ridicule Creon.
What warning does Teiresias give to King Creon if he refuses to heed the prophesies?
If he doesn’t change his mind he will pay.
What advice does the Choragos give King Creon once Teiresias leaves?
The advice he gives him is free Antigone and build a tomb for Polyneices.
How does King Creon react to the advice of the Choragos?
He will do it.
Who says, “All men make mistakes” and explain the meaning.
The Choragos and the Chorus pray to a “God of many names”. What are some of these names?
Iacchos, born of the thunder.
Who does the messenger claim is “a walking dead man”?
How has Teiresias’ prophecy that Creon would pay to the gods “flesh if his own flesh” come true?
Haimon has killed himself.
Who is Eurydice?
The Queen, wife of Creon and mother of Haimon.
What were Creon and the messenger doing when they prayed to Hecate and Pluto?
They were washing the corpse of Polyneicus with holy water before they burned it.
What did King Creon and the messenger do as soon as they finished their tasks regarding Polyneices?
They ran to the vault to free Antigone.
Describe what Creon saw when he looked through the crevice into Antigone’s tomb.
He saw Haimon weeping over Antigone’s body. Antigone hanged herself.
Describe Haimon’s reaction when Creon entered Antigone’s tomb.
He splits in Creon’s face and kills himself.
What happened after the messenger relayed the news about Haimon and Antigone to Eurydice?
Eurydice walked into her house and killed herself.
What does the Choragos claim is “always punished” by the gods?
The Gods always punished pride.
Who is Hephasistos?
He is the son of Zeus.