Antigone, Scenes 1 & 2: Study Guide

Antigone, Scenes 1 & 2: Study Guide

Creon’s son, engaged to Antigone
Haimon
Antigone’s mother
Jocasta
Who was Antigone’s father, the former king of Thebes?
Oedipus
What new law has Creon enacted?
The rebel, Polyneices, will be left unburied–anyone who buries him will be stoned to death
What does Creon announce from the palace steps?
As the king he has ensured the ship of state is secure, Eteocles will receive a full military burial, while Polyneices will be left unburied, and anyone who buries Polyneices will be executed
What does Creon’s speech from the palace steps suggest about his values?
Creon clearly believes that patriotism and loyalty to the king is preferred to loyalty to the gods or to family
What is a protagonist?
The protagonist is the central character of a play, and often the character with whom the audience sympathizes
What does Antigone decide to do at the beginning of the play?
She is going to bury her brother, Polyneices, even though her uncle the king has enacted a new law that outlaws it
In her discussion with Ismene, Antigone describes her intent to bury Polyneices as a “holy” crime–what does she mean?
Antigone believes that the law of the gods require her brother be buried, in spite of Creon’s law
What news does the sentry bring to Creon in his first visit?
Someone has tried to give Polyneices a ceremonial burial
How does Creon react to the news brought by the sentry’s first report?
Creon becomes angry, demanding the sentry capture the person who committed the crime
What does Creon’s reaction to the sentry’s first report tell us about his personality?
He is easily angered, arrogant, and domineering
Why does the sentry lead Antigone into Creon’s presence on his second visit to the palace?
The sentry has caught Antigone trying to unlawfully bury her brother
How does Antigone respond to Creon when he angrily demands why she has broken the law?
Antigone says that following the laws of the gods is more important than following the laws of a human king
Creon becomes extremely upset or angry whenever he perceives a threat to his ________________________.
Authority
Why is Creon so angry that Antigone tries to explain her actions by telling him that the laws of the gods must be obeyed?
Antigone is undermining his authority, and calls his actions into question in public
Does Ismene try to help Antigone when she is caught trying to bury her brother?
Ismene tries to share the guilt and punishment for the burial of Polyneices
How does Antigone react to Ismene’s attempt to share the punishment meted out by Creon?
Antigone angrily rejects the offer of Ismene
Who is the protagonist of “Antigone”?
Antigone herself is the protagonist
What is an antagonist?
The antagonist is the character or force who is opposed to the protagonist
Who is the antagonist of “Antigone”?
Creon, the King of Thebes
Antigone’s brother, not given a proper burial
Polyneices
Creon’s wife
Eurydice
Author of Antigone
Sophocles
King of Thebes, uncle of Antigone and Ismene
Creon
Oedipus’ father, killed by Oedipus
Laios
Antigone’s brother, killed by Polyneices
Eteocles
Antigone’s sister
Ismene
Ismene has changed since the beginning of the play–in what way?
Ismene is more courageous, and is willing to defy the law and wants to help and support Antigone
____________ was the god of wine and vegetation and was believed to die each winter and to be reborn each spring.
Dionysus
Revered in the community because he handled the expense of the chorus all by himself, the __________________ selected the members of the chorus and acted as their leader
Choragos
Plays opened with a _________, exposition that presented background on the conflict
Prologue
A song by the chorus, called an ________, divided the scenes
Ode
The __________ is the opening song of the chorus, which was followed by the first scene
Parodos
_____________________________ is the Greek word for a tragic flaw
Hamartia
This flaw is often _________________, the sin of excessive pride
Hubris
What did Aristotle call the incidents or story line?
Plot
Aristotle identified the physical, social, psychological, and moral characteristics of the people represented in the play as what?
Character
The Poetics of Aristotle called the insights into humanity and life the __________________________?
Thought (or theme)
According to Aristotle, the ______________ includes all sounds.
Music
Aristotle’s concept of the ____________________ referred to scenery and other visual elements.
Spectacle
The Poetics identified the dialogue and poetry of the play as its __________________________________.
Diction/ language
Name the three unities:
Unity of Time, Unity of Place, and Unity of Action
What is meant by the Unity of Time?
The play usually took place in a 24 hour time period
What is meant by the Unity of Place?
The play has only one setting
What did the Greeks mean by Unity of Action?
The play has one plot, and no mixture of tragedy and comedy
Is it possible that Creon and Antigone could resolve their differences at the end of Scene 1?
It is possible because no irrevocable actions have yet been taken
The setting of Antigone is the city of _______________________.
Thebes
The punishment for burying Polyneices is death by _______________________ in the public square.
Stoning
What conflicts are present in the first two scenes?
There is conflict between Antigone and Creon, and also between Antigone and Ismene
Antigone is hidden in a _______________________ as she approaches the body the second time.
Dust storm