Antigone Test Review; Honors English 9.

Antigone Test Review; Honors English 9.

Who wrote Antigone?
Sophocles.
When year was Sophocles born?
496 B.C.
What year did Sophocles die?
406 B.C
When was Antigone written?
441 B.C.
Where did Sophocles live?
Athens, Greece.
What are some important roles that Sophocles filled for his community?
Sophocles was a Preist, General, and State Treasurer.
During what dramatic festival did Sophocles defeat Aeschylus (a remaining great playwright) and earn fame that carried him for the span of his career?
Festival of Dionysia
How many complete tragedies remain from what are believed to be over one hundred plays authored by this individual?
Seven.
Name two plays associated historically and plot-wise with Antigone.
1.Oedipus the King.
2. Oedipus at Colonus.
What is the City Dinoysia Festival?
A large festival in ancient Athens in honor of the god Dionysus.
What is Dionysus the god of?
1. Fertility
2. Wine
3. Entertainment
4. Agriculture
5. Sexuality
Describe the competition playwrights would participate in during this time.
Greek plays were put on during a festival and judges would pick the best.
How many plays were entered by each playwright in the contests?
Four.
Three tragedies and one satire.
How many actors performed in a play?
Three actors.
Fifteen men in the chorus.
One choragus (leader of the chorus) would interact with the three actors.
NO WOMEN.
Why was facial expression unimportant?

Masks were used because…

1. There were minimal actors and masks would display different characters.
2. There were no women, so masks were used to portray them.

What was the staging of Greek drama during this time period?
Like the basic illustration given by Mrs. M, colums were sometimes added. Props were also used.
How long did performances typically last?
All day long
(From dawn to dusk)
How long did festivals last?
Three to five days.
Who is Oedipus in relation to Antigone?
Father-brother.
Why did Oedipus blind himself?
He killed his father, and married his mother. He had four children with her, just like the Oracle said.
What curse did Oedipus place on his sons?
That they would destroy eachother.
How does the curse Oedipus placed on his sons come to fruition?
They kill eachother in battle.
Who are Oedipus’ children?
1. Antigone
2. Eteocles
3. Polynices
4. Ismene
Who is Creon?
1. The brother in law of Oedipus and Antigone’s uncle.
How did Creon rule?
With an unyielding blindness. He was a tyrant.
What age would the girls in Antigone’s time be betrothed and married?
13-15 years old.
This is the estimated age range of Antigone.
Why would Antigone have been dwelling with Creon and his household?
She is engaged to Creon’s son, her cousin.
Why decree concerning the bodies of Etocles and Polynices did Creon make just before Antigone begins?
Polynices should remain unburied, and Etocles deserves a hero’s burial.
What is the “Seven Against Thebes”?
Polynices entered an arena from seven different entrances and simultaneously over took it.