Ariel The Tempest Character in the Play by William Shakespeare

Ariel The Tempest Character in the Play by William Shakespeare

English Essay How does Shakespeare use language to convey Ariel’s character in Act 1 Scene 2? Act one scene two is the first time we the readers meet Ariel’s character. Ariel is an airy spirit whose body is made of air. He flies and dives and hovers and soars. Ariel also lives forever and takes many different shapes as he likes. Shakespeare uses imaginary language and tone to describe his characters. Ariel and Prospero have a master-commander relationship, and they both have each way they talk to one another, with their tone and language and the roles they take on in the scene.

Prospero And Ariel

However, Ariel’s role is much more advanced than a mere servant or a slave of Prospero. The first appearance of Ariel immediately establishes his character as he willingly responds to the call of Prospero “All hail, great master! Grave sir, hail! I come to answer thy best pleasure”. Ariel’s respectable greeting in lines 189-192 establishes Prospero’s authority, dignity, and mastership. Ariel uses these words to show respect and honour. Prospero calling Ariel to when he says “Come away, servant, come. I am ready now.

Approach my Ariel, come” help the readers know the impressions of their relationship. The fact that Prospero addresses Ariel as “servant” and with the pronoun, “my” shows that Ariel is the slave, under the commands of his superior, Prospero. There is also an element of ownership, but it’s perhaps more appropriate to use the term an aspect of debt and gratitude rather than ownership because of what happened in the past. Years before Prospero had arrived on the island, a witch by the name Sycorax had been banished there from Algeria.

Whilst on the island, she had imprisoned Ariel in a pine tree, had it not been for Prospero, he would probably have been left in the tree forever, thus there is an incredible aspect of dept and gratitude involved. Shakespeare uses languages and words to make it easier for the readers to know what Prospero and Ariel’s relationship is. The initial awareness of Ariel is heavily influenced by his descriptive and poetic language. Ariel communicates through poetry or song, his language is ordered and stylistic.

As in act one scene two, lines 375-386 and 397-405 where Ariel sings a song. It portrays a mind at ease with his environment, and a mind with creativity. Furthermore, Ariel’s speech is filled with alliteration, assonance, rhyme, and meter. In Ariel’s song, “come unto us these yellow sands… And sweet sprites, the burden bear”. The expression of his character is personifies by sea. Prospero applauds Ariel’s beauty when tells him “Go make thyself a nymph o’ the sea. ” This use of similes and metaphors throughout the act helps the readers know the impression of Ariel.

The Tempest Prospero And Ariel Relationships

Ariel’s poetic and fluent language and imagery reflects his character, and helps the audience establish him as a character of beauty. Shakespeare uses language as a means of introducing Ariel to the audience. The characters in Shakespeare’s play often reveal themselves by what they say and how they say it, what they do and how they do it, and their behavior towards others. Tone of language is often used by characters to know their relationships. In the case of Ariel and Prospero a lot can be shown, most obvious is the idea of possession where Prospero’s commanding tone is evident throughout the dialogue with Ariel.

Ariel wants his freedom and talks about how Prospero decided to reduce her service by a year and free him, as said in lines 248-“Without grudge or grumblings. Thou didst promise to bate me a full year”. Despite the promise, in act one scene two, line 262-263 “O, was she so? I must once in a month recount what thou hast been”, the sarcasm in this line shows Prospero’s authority over Ariel, and he reminds him, although sarcastically, that Ariel is indebted to him. In lines 294-296 Prospero threatens Ariel that, if he complains about his freedom again, he would split an oak tree and lock him up in it till he has howled for twenty years.

Ariel tries to calm Prospero down by saying “Pardon master, I will correspond to command, and do my spriting gently” which means that, Ariel will try to do all task Prospero asks him to do without any complains. Prospero doesn’t want to free Ariel and keeps reminding him of what he did for him. Shakespeare uses this technique to make us imagine what and why Prospero doesn’t want to free Ariel. Ariel’s tone also suggests that he is happy with what he does, although he wants his freedom, to an extent it could be argued. In line 300, when Ariel tells Prospero, “What shall I do?

Say what. What shall I do? ” demonstrates to an extent, an eagerness to carry out the tasks set by Prospero. There could be two explanations for this, it either gratitude towards Prospero or Ariel wants to be set free, however, it’s perhaps a mixture of two which best sums up this enthusiasm. Lines 195-206 also show the excitement Ariel had using his magical powers to complete Prospero’s task. He talks about how he made everyone astonished and terrified. He also talked about how he appeared in many places at once, and also how he even made the god of sea tremble underwater.

The tones adopted by both characters help the readers understand their relationship, establishing Prospero as superior to Ariel. Throughout act one scene two, Shakespeare’s excellent use of language, imagery and tone helps to introduce the character of Ariel. It allows the character to establish himself through his language, the poetry and fluency of which reflects his nature, and helps the audience in understand his character. The use of language, imagery and tone within this scene allows Shakespeare to introduce Ariel to the Audience in the intended manner, and is essential in helping the audience assess how he is presented.