Beowulf: Abstract Fleshcards
what was unusual about the way Shield came to be ruler of the Danes?
he’s a foundling
what was shield’s funeral like?
he was laid on a ship with treasure and sailed out to sea
what relation is hrothgar to shield?
what magnificent work did hrothgar undertake?
the herot hall
who attacked herot hall and what was the result?
grendel attacked it; 30 warriors were killed the first night
how long did the attacks from grendel last?
what was the response of the danes?
the only thing they could do was pray
what does beowulf do when he hears of hrothgar’s problems with grendel?
he got 14 men and asked for permission from elders who gather all their rocks and determine if he should go
whom do the geats first meet when they arrive in denmark? what does he do and what do they do?
wulfgar the watchman; he noticed their new armour and could tell they were there to help; beowulf told him who he was and his intentions
they next meet hrothgar’s herald. who is he and what does he tell them? what does he tell hrothgar? how does he respond?
he asks them of their kin and their names. he tells hrothgar that beowulf and his men have traveled across the sea to have speech at will. hrothgar responds by saying he knows ecgtheow and beowulf as a boy.
what does beowulf tell hrothgar when he enters?
beowulf tells hrothgar his reasoning for coming while boasting about his accomplishments and how he’ll fight grendel without weapons
what did hrothgar do for beowulf’s father?
he paid off to avoid war that ecgtheow accidently started by killing heathloaf, a warrior
what does unferth accuse beowulf of?
accused him of losing a swimming match between him and breca
how does beowulf respond to unferth?
says he’s drunk and that he won and killed 9 sea monsters
what is queen wealtheow doing during the feast?
offering food and drink to the men
what is different about beowulf ‘s preparations for his fight with grendel?
he didn’t prepare
what happens when grendel enters heorot?
he eats one of the men and then tries to grab beowulf who pretends to be sleeping
how does beowulf fight with grendel?
with his barehands
what happens when grendel tries to leave?
beowulf is able to rip his arm off
does grendel escape?
he leaves but is injured
what does grendel leave behind?
when the danes and geats return from following grendel’s tracks to the mere, someone sings in beowulf’s presence, comparing him to sigemund and saying that he was not like heremond. how is beowulf like sigemund?
they both have killed monsters
how is he not like heremond?
heremond was evil
How does Hrothgar respond to Beowulf’s deed? What does he offer to do for him? What does Unferth have to say now?
He responds with joy, gratitude, and generosity. He says that Beowulf is like a son to him and gives him treasure. Unferth was proven wrong in his attempts to discredit Beowulf.
The singer sings of Finn during the feasting (lines 1070-1158). The exact details of the Finn story are not clear, but in general, what happens? What does it suggest about the wisdom of using a woman as bride to heal enmity between tribes?
The story of Finn is about Hildeburh, a Danish princess who is married to Finn. But during the battle between Danes and Finn, the Danish king has been killed. Dane had been defeated by Frisian; they had an agreement to live under the same rules and treatment. However, Hildeburh suffers the most of the outcome of the battle. Her son and father both died in that bloody battle. It suggests that don’t use woman as bride to heal enmity between tribes. It does not work and they also will be suffering the most.
When the feasting resumes, what does Wealhtheow ask Hrothgar not to do?
While the feasting continues Wealtheow asks Hrothgar to not neglect their children and their inheritance by giving the kingdom to Beowulf.
Wealhtheow gives Beowulf a large, broad necklace. What later happens to it? What does Wealhtheow ask Beowulf to do?
Wealtheow asks Beowulf to help her sons should they ever need it.
Why do so many men remain in the beer hall to sleep? Why is it a mistake?
The drunken men fall asleep in the hall after a night of feasting and drinking, thinking it is safe to sleep and reside in the hall now that Grendel is dead and the danger is past. But in the night it becomes clear that this move of arrogance was a mistake as Grendel’s mother enters Heorot in order to enact revenge.
Why has Grendel’s mother come to Heorot? Is it the same reason Grendel had?
to seek revenge for the death of her son, while her son decided to enter Heorot to kill without reason.
What is Hrothgar’s response? Whom has Grendel’s mother killed?
Hrothgar is outraged that GM exists and, deeply saddened that GM has killed Hrothgar’s close friend Aeschere. And like his earlier promise to Beowulf, Hrothgar promises to repay him if he is able to kill GM.
What sort of place is the mere?
dark bottomless lake.
How does Beowulf tell Hrothgar to respond?
better to avenge his friends death rather than mourn.
What happens at the mere before Beowulf enters it?
Beowulf and his men kill a sea monster in the water, and then Hrothgar and his men find Aeschere’s severed head on the shore. Hrothgar now is completely for Beowulf killing Grendel’s mother.
How does Beowulf prepare for the battle? What sword does he take with him?
He put on his new armor from Hrothgar. Unferth, the man who doubted Beowulf’s abilities, gives Beowulf his sword called, Hrunting, to fight with.
What happens when Beowulf enters the mere? What is surprising about where Grendel and his mother live in the mere?
Grendel’s mother grabs him and pulls him down as other monsters are trying to attack him. They do no harm to him, because of his armor. It’s surprising where Grendel and his mother live because it takes half a day to arrive there.
What happens to the sword Beowulf borrowed from Unferth?
As Beowulf strikes Grendel’s mother, the sword borrowed from Unferth breaks.
At one point Beowulf is on the floor, with Grendel’s mother sitting on him and drawing her knife. How does Beowulf escape?
Beowulf’s armor saves him from the knife Grendel’s mother has. He was able to use his strength to throw Grendel’s mother off of himself.
How does Beowulf kill Grendel’s mother? What weapon does he use? What happens when she dies? What does Beowulf take with him from her home? What happens to the sword he used to kill her?
Beowulf uses the sword of Eotens, that was forged by giants long ago, and cuts the mother’s throat. Beowulf’s sword melts from the Grendel’s mother’s acidic blood leaving only the hilt.
What happens when Beowulf returns to the surface? Did his men expect him to return?
Beowulf swims back to the surface safely, but none of his men are there because they doubted his ability to beat Grendel’s mother.
What does Beowulf give to Hrothgar?
Beowulf gives Hrothgar the sword of the giants, the one he used to defeat the beasts and grendel’s head
What message does Hrothgar have for Beowulf? What and why does he tell us about Heremod? Why and how did Heremod die? What lesson does Hrothgar teach with the Heremod example?
Hrothgar tells Beowolf to seek virtue since Heremod was opposite in personality and became too proud. He died because he didn’t see the signs the Gods were giving him. Hrothgar’s lesson teaches to keep your pride in check or else things will fail and the person will fall as a result of it.
What does Beowulf give to Unferth as he leaves?
Beowulf gives him back his magical sword.
What future does Hrothgar predict for Beowulf?
A good future since he’s strong in both body and mind.
Who is Hygd and why is she not like Modthryth?
Hygd is Hygelac’s wife, she isn’t like Modthryth mainly because Modthyrth would have any man killed for looking at her in the face and that’s not how the queen now acts.
Beowulf reports to Hygelac that Hrothgar may marry his daughter Freawaru to Ingeld. Why does he plan to do that? What does Beowulf expect the result will be? (Remember the Finn story, lines 1070-1158.) How does Beowulf think the peace will be broken? Is this the type of report we expected from the hero Beowulf, or are we seeing a new side of him?
He expects for the wedding to go bad since there’s a possibility that someone might remember about the old feud and revive the violence.
How does Beowulf report about his own adventures? Does he report accurately?
What does Beowulf do with the treasure he was given? What does Hygelac give him?
Beowulf offers his treasures to his Lord as a form of respect, but also gives other treasures away to other people. Hygelac gives the most glorious sword of the Geats to Beowulf, some land and a huge house.
How much later does Part 2 take place? What kings have died in the meanwhile? What danger now exists?
Part 2 takes places 50 years later. King Hygelac and his son Heardred have both died. The danger that now exists is the dragon that is attacking the kingdom.
Why is the dragon angry? Why did the man take a cup? How did the treasure come to be there in the first place?
The dragon is angry because a man stole a cup from his treasure. unknown why it was there but dragon guarded it for 300 years
What did the dragon destroy that evening?
Why does Beowulf think his home was burnt? Why does he order a new shield? How will he fight this battle? What will happen to him?
Beowulf thinks his home was burnt because he did something to anger God. He orders a new iron shield so that it can’t be burned like his old wood one would be against the dragon. Beowulf plans to fight this battle until the death.
How did Hygelac die? (The description in lines 2354-2379 begins one of several versions of Geatish history and Hygelac’s death we will get.) What did Beowulf do after Hygelac’s death? What happened when he returned home? Did he accept Hygd’s offer to become king?
Hygelac was killed by the Frankish king in a battle. Beowulf killed the Frankish king and refused to become king in loyalty to his cousin.
What happened to Hygelac’s son Heardred? (That’s the story in lines 2380-2390.) How did Beowulf plan to revenge Heardred’s death (lines 2391-2396)?
Heardred was killed by the Swedish. Beowulf planned on revenge by befriending the man that killed Heardred.
How many men accompany Beowulf as he goes to meet the dragon?
What happened to Hygelac’s oldest brother Herebeald? Who killed him? What did this do to his father King Hrethel? (This passage, lines 2425-2509, is the second account of Geatish history and of the death of Hygelac.) What happened between the Swedes and Geats after Hrethel’s death? What happened to Haethcyn? How die Beowulf revenge Hygelac’s death?
Herebeald was killed by Heathcyn (the younger brother). King Hrethel went into a depression and then died. After Hrethel’s death the Swedes and Geats continued having their conflicts. Heathcyn died and Beowulf revenged Hygelac’s death by killing a lot of the Swedes.
What does Beowulf tell his companions to do?
stay with him
What happens the first time Beowulf and the dragon fight? What do his companions do? How is Wiglaf different? What does he tell the others? What does he then do?
no one has the upper hand; his companions leave; wiglaf stays with beowulf; he gets on the others about being cowards.
What happens the second time Beowulf meets the dragon? What happens to Beowulf? Who kills the dragon?
beowulf gets a fatal bite from the dragon and wiglaf stabs the dragon with his dagger in his belly
What does the dying Beowulf ask Wiglaf to do? What happens when Beowulf sees the gold? How does Beowulf want to be buried?
burry him with his treasure and build a barrow in his name
what is the woman cryng about?
beowulf’s death and she knows there will be battle between tribes now
What happens to the dragon?
they throw him over a cliff into the ocean
what happens during and after the funeral celebration?
12 men ride their horses around the funeral pyre
what did the geats say about beowulf in the last three lines of the poem?
“he was the man most gracious, fair-minded, kindest to his people, and deserving of fame”