Beowulf. Basic Information

Beowulf. Basic Information

What ideas are still relevant today?
Heroism
Epic conventions
Serious tone, sustained action
Poetic elements
Regular rhythm, assonance and alliteration, kenning
Grendl represents
Devil
Qualities of a hero
What incident does Unferth bring up to embarrass Beowulf?
The swimming race
What actually happened in the swimming race, according to Beowulf?
He said they were neck and neck when a sea monster attacked Beowulf.
What is the quality that made Unferth challenge Beowulf’s credibility?
Unferth was jealous of Beowulf’s confidence
How is the role of Wealhtheow, Hrothgar’s wife, described?
Welcoming and godly
How is Beowulf described with Christ-like attributes?
“the prince of goodness”
Examples of variation
Beowulf is Ecgtheow’s son, Unferth is Ecglaf’s son
Characteristics of Shield Sheafson
Wrecker of mead benches, famous, good king
What was Shield Sheafson’s funeral like?
Quiet, peaceful
Setting of Grendel
Winter
Kenning in Grendel
swan road
What’s the importance of the sail in Grendel?
Its Beowulf’s boat
Beowulf is described as
Huge, strong, cold, soft voice
Grendel’s first opinion of Beowulf
A little afraid, he had finally met his match
How did Grendel feel about the mead hall?
He doesn’t like the loud partying and thinks he’s afraid of the people but knows he can defeat them
What’s Grendel’s first mistake?
He grabs Beowulf to eat and then realizes that he’s awake
What’s Grendel’s second mistake?
Slipping on blood
Examples of kenning
whale road
Current ruler of the Shieldings?
Hrothgar
What does Heorot represent?
throne room, social meeting place
How long has Grendel been attacking the mead hall?
12 years
What does the author say about the Shieldings that introduces the influence of Christianity?
Shieldings are pagan
Examples of wergild (compensation)
Hrothgar planned to reward Beowulf for killing Grendel
Group that helps the Shieldings
Geats
Beowulf’s father
Ecgtheow
King of the Geats
Hyglac
Difference between Shieldings and Geats
Geats are prepared for battle and Christians
Similarities of Beowulf and Sigemund
Both glorified, both faced a dragon
What gift was Beowulf given after defeating Grendel?
chain armor
Who does Grendel’s mother first kill?
Aeschere, Hrothgar’s closest friend. represents friendship
What is Beowulf’s attitude toward Aeschere’s death?
It’s better to avenge than mourn
What do Hrothgar’s men see at the swamp?
Aeschere’s head
What does Unferth give Beowulf?
Hrunting, an indomitable sword
Where does Beowulf travel for his battle?
Under the sea
Why is Beowulf in trouble in his underwater battle?
Hrunting doesn’t work
How does Beowulf defeat Grendel’s mother?
He slices her neck with one of her own swords
2 miracle-like events that occur after Beowulf defeats Grendel’s mother
Light shines from the sky, the blade of the sword melted
What does Beowulf do to Grendel’s corpse?
Cuts the head off
How do the men celebrate the death of Grendel’s mother?
They carry Grendel’s head to Heorot
Why does Hrothgar discuss Heremond?
He’s an example of a cruel ruler that Beowulf is better than
Summarize Hrothgar’s speech to Beowulf at line 1726
Don’t give in to pride
What does Hrothgar use as an example to prove how fragile we are?
Grendel’s attacks
What symbolizes joy?
the raven
What does Hrothgar say in his final praise of Beowulf?
Beowulf should be the next leader of the Geats
What do Beowulf and Hrothgar reveal about their personalities?
A hero is more than brawn
How is Queen Modthryth different from Hygelac’s wife Hygd?
Mod was mean until she married Offa
What is the “world’s candle”?
the sun
What will happen when Freawaru gets married, according to Beowulf?
the feud between the Heathobards and Danes will end and then start again
In recounting the battle with Grendel, what do we learn from Beowulf?
He tried to stuff him in a bag
How long has Beowulf been ruling in section 9?
50 years
Why is Beowulf going to fight the new dragon?
The dragon was angry because someone accidentally stole from him
Describe Beowulf’s state of mind as he goes to fight the new dragon.
Sad, but ready, because he sensed his death
Why is Beowulf satisfied with his life?
He fought fairly, never made promises he couldn’t keep, and lived the life he was dealt
How will Beowulf be memorialized?
A barrow on the coast
What have Beowulf’s people gotten for his death?
treasure
What does the Messenger predict at the end?
War with Frisians and Franks
What happens to the treasure unfairly given to Beowulf’s people?
It’s burned on Beowulf’s pyre
Describe Beowulf’s funeral
Dirges, pyre, wailing
Venerable Bede was called the
Father of English History
Bede’s history was translated from latin to english for
king alfred
What keeps Bede from being completely accurate
He accepted unlikely stories as true
Why did Bede include a quote from the Scots?
He wanted to seem like he was there