Beowulf – Definition

Beowulf – Definition

allusion
mention to something else (in this case Bible)
alliteration
the use of the same consonant (consonantal alliteration) or of a vowel, not necessarily the same vowel (vocalic alliteration), at the beginning of each word or each stressed syllable in a line of verse
caesura
a break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line
existentialism
A philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one’s acts
kenning
a (usually 2 word) name that renames something in an immaginative way EX Treasure seat = Throne
Metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
Barrow
A large mound of earth or stones placed over a burial site
sc?p
poets
thane
A man ranking above an ordinary freeman and below a nobleman in Anglo-Saxon Englan
wergild
compensation in a blood-feud
blood-feuds
belief that “if you kill from my tribe I kill from yours unless I have compensation
wyrd
Fate personified
gold torque
a gold collar or necklace
hrunting
sword used by beowulf against Grendel’s mother
Heorot
mead-hall in Beowulf, palace for danish king
the lair
The entrance to Grendel’s Lair is a lake filled with various monsters, including water dragons. Most of them sink out of view, but one is killed with spears and dragged out of the water.
the mere
Bottom the ocean
Geatland
land of Beowulf
Denmark
place where herot lives and where Beowulf fights
Beowulf’s Barrow
high and big so ships can see it decked with armor, holds beowulf’s remains
Beowulf
Lead charachter in poem, geat, comes to help Denmark to kill Grendel than later on his mother.
Beow
king of the danes, grandfather of Hrothgar
dragon
Third monster Beowulf fights, poisons Beowulf and kills him
Ecgtheow
beowulf’s father
Grendel
The monster that terrorizes Denmark, beowulf fights him, book Grendel is from his perspective
Grendel’s Mother
unable to speak, 2nd monster Beowulf fights with bc avenges grendels death
halfdane
Horthgar’s father, king when grendel first starts attacking
Hrothgar
King at time of most of the attacks from Grendel
Hrothulf
Hrothgar’s nephew, Hrothulf betrays and usurps his cousin, Hrethic, the rightful heir to the Danish throne. Hrothulf’s treachery contrasts with Beowulf’s loyalty to Hygelac in helping his son to the throne.
Sheild Sheafson
The legendary Danish king from whom Hrothgar is descended, mythical founder who inaugurates a long line of Danish rulers and embodies the Danish tribe’s highest values of heroism and leadership. The poem opens with a brief account of his rise from orphan to warrior-king,
Wealthrow
Hrothgar’s wife, the gracious queen of the Danes
Unfeatth
A Danish warrior who is jealous of Beowulf, Unferth is unable or unwilling to fight Grendel, thus proving himself inferior to Beowulf.
Hrothmud
The second son of Hrothgar.
Hygelac
Beowulf’s uncle, king of the Geats, and husband of Hygd. Hygelac heartily welcomes Beowulf back from Denmark.
Wiglaf
A young kinsman and retainer of Beowulf who helps him in the fight against the dragon while all of the other warriors run away. Wiglaf adheres to the heroic code better than Beowulf’s other retainers, thereby proving himself a suitable successor to Beowulf.
traits of epic poem
1.It opens in the midst of the story (medas res)
The setting is vast and it covers many nations, the world and the universe.
It usually begins with an invocation to Muse.
It starts with a statement of the theme.
The use of Epithets.
It includes long lists.
It features long and formal speeches.
It shows divine intervention on human affairs.
The Heroes embody the values of civilization.
Beowulf famous
swim test where he killed the beast underwater
How Does He Kill Grendel
trips him then captures him then rips off his arm
Death o Beowulf
Fighting dragon, wiglaf helps him
How is society changed by the time of Beowulf’s death?
don’t need hero’s anymore
Grendel’s mom’s actions after killing of Grendel
she avenges his death by going to battle with Beowulf
battle between Beowulf and Grendel’s Mom
Beowulfs sword hrunting fails him, mother about to kill him, then he finds a knife and beheads her
Heorot symbolizes
male deer-hart, represents the brotherhood and unity of the warriors in the tribe
Grendel’s description of his mom
untalkative (can’t) useless, ignorant, nothing
shaper
told tales and shapes their meaning of life
How did he influence grendel
by telling him stories that made him feel villianized
young Grendel notices… about human behavior
He is entranced by their language and mouths
Hart
the Mead Hall. Where the people live
Is Wealtheow happily married to Harothgar?
No he offers her off to Grendel
Who are the Scyldings
Another term of the Danes
What does Ork Say about the Destroyer
explains how the Destroyer or chief God sets limitations for mankind. The Destroyer gives man his purpose in life; he gives man a reason to aspire. The God gives man a reason to live and a reason to die. This is also where Grendel learns, what Ork says, is the true nature of evil. Time fades everything and there are no alternatives to this.
Describe Grendel’s death
He is thrown against the walls, and he loses his arm by Beowulf he stumbles to the cliff from chapter one looks down bottomless nothing. Something moves him to topple down, and hesays Grendel’s had a accident so may you all.
What does Beowulf whisper into Grendel’s ear as he dies
quoting the dragon’s description of the world as a meaningless swirl of dust. Laughing and spitting flames, Beowulf speaks of an approaching period of regeneration in the world.