When was Beowulf the story written down?
between the 7th and 10th century AD
Where does the story of Beowulf take place?
When did the story of Beowulf likely take place?
around 500 AD
In the culture of Beowulf, what distinguished a “good” king from a “bad” king?
the quality of gifts they gave to loyal subjects
Who is Hrothgar?
king of the Danes
Beowulf was the leader of which group?
How is religion present in the story of Beowulf?
there are pagan and Christian elements mixed
Which of the following was NOT MENTIONED in the video as something that might make Beowulf difficult to read?
the story is boring and tedious
How many beasts does Beowulf fight?
Who is Grendel?
the first monster Beowulf fights
What does Grendel look like, according to the text?
the only description given is “darkness”
Why can’t Hrothgar be harmed by the monster?
he is protected by God
What was Beowulf’s likely motivation in going to fight the monster?
to earn honor and glory for himself
How were warriors in that culture laid to rest after they died?
they were put on a boat with their belongings and burned
What was discovered at and archaeological site in Sutton-Hoo, in Eastern England?
skeletons of people who had been killed in horrific way
The Romans were the first people to settle in Britain (T/F)
The Anglo-Saxons took over Britain because they were stronger than the Romans (T/F)
The Anglo-Saxon “era” is from 410-1066 AD (T/F)
Alfred the Great invaded England during the Battle of Hastings (T/F)
Old English is significantly different from modern English (T/F)
Christianity was the predominant religion among the Anglo-Saxons (T/F)
The Anglo-Saxons came originally from such places as Germany, Norway, and the Netherlands (T/F)
The Anglo-Saxons valued a strong intellect (T/F)
The “Normans” came from what we now call France (T/F)
What was the original title of the poem “The Wanderer” and why was it changed?
there was not a name for it because the Anglo-Saxons did not believe they needed to name their poetry
Who wrote “The Wanderer?”
the author is unknown
Who is the speaker in “The Wanderer?”
What purpose does the setting serve in “The Wanderer?”
it shows how he feels so we can relate to him
From what point of view is “The Wanderer” written?
What is the “Exeter Book”?
a manuscript from the 10th century containing many poems; “The Wanderer” is the only one still found today
From what two languages did Old English primarily evolve?
Greek and Latin
What language was introduced after 1066 that significantly altered Old English over time?
What two literary genres are combined in “The Wanderer?”
lament and wisdom
According to Shmoop, reading this poem outloud is like “saying a tongue twister on a roller coaster.” This is the result of which literary device in particular?
The wanderer concludes that suffering is a part of the collective human experience. In what alone can suffering humans find refuge?
One of the main themes of the poem is exile. Why is the wanderer homeless and alone?
all his friends and family died
Which author adapted part of “The Wanderer” as part of his/her masterpiece?
What “manly” quality does the speaker acknowledge that he is NOT exhibiting in this poem and why is it all right at this point?
What is the final thought of “The Wanderer?”
time passes by him too quickly
Why is Grendel evil?
Why does he hate the men’s singing?
it hurts his ears and he cannot be happy like them
In what way is his first attack “supernatural”?
it was silent
How does Hrothgar react? Why is this against the heroic ideal?
he mourns for 12 years; this is against heroic ideal because he did not fight back
How much time passes between the battle and the next event in the story?
Why didn’t Grendel ever attack Hrothgar’s throne?
he was protected by God
What does Grendel look like?
Why does Beowulf decide to go to “the Danish Shore”? Where does he live? What are his people called?
he goes to “the Danish shore” to get rid of Grendel; he lives in Geatland; Geats
How does the reader know from the beginning of this passage that Beowulf will be an “Epic” hero?
How many men does he take with him?
What kind of voyage do they have? How long does it take?
about a day to two
Why does Beowulf want to sail to Denmark?
to kill Grendel
What weapons/ armor does Beowulf use against Grendel and why?
none because it shows that he is the stronger man
What is Beowulf’s attitude about the possibility of his losing/dying?
when his time comes, there will be nothing to mourn over
What is Grendel’s first reaction to seeing all the warriors asleep in the hall?
he is unexcited because they don’t put up a fight
How many Geats does Grendel kill?
What is the “mortal wound” that Beowulf deals Grendel?
he rips off his arm
Where do Grendel and his mother live?
a cave in the bottom of a lake
What does Grendel’s mother do at Herot?
she killed Danes and Geats, but also took back Grendel’s arm (Beowulf’s trophy)
How long does it take Beowulf to get to the lair and what about his journey shows that he is an epic hero?
Why doesn’t Beowulf use his sword against Grendel’s mother?
it does not work
Who lends Beowulf a sword and why is this ironic?
Unferth; because he lent it to Grendel’s mother first
How does God help Beowulf win the battle against Grendel’s mother?
he gives him the strength and power to win
What trophy does Beowulf take back with him and how many normal men does it take to carry it?
Grendel’s head; four
What warning does Hrothgar give Beowulf before he goes back home?
don’t become selfish with your desires and earthly pleasures
How much time passes between the battle with Grendel’s mother and the battle with the dragon and what has happened in the interim?
50 years; Beowulf has served as king
How is the dragon disturbed?
a single cup is stolen
Why does Beowulf decide to fight the dragon?
he feels that as a king, it is his duty to protect his people
Why does Wiglaf go to help Beowulf in the battle?
he remembers that Beowulf was generous in giving him land
What kind of wound does the dragon give Beowulf?
his neck is burned/cut open
How is the dragon killed?
Beowulf rips out its heart
What does Beowulf want to see before he dies?
the dragon’s treasures
Who is Beowulf’s heir?
What do they do with the dragon’s body?
they throw it into the water
How is Beowulf sent to the next life (funeral)?
a funeral pyre and mound burial
What does Wiglaf mean when he says, “Often when one man follows his own will, many are hurt?”
Beowulf was too proud to field a large army against the dragon