Beowulf the monster critics

Beowulf the monster critics

i»?Location: taiga coldest forest in the Subarctic region which lies between tundra to the north and temperate towards the south

Taiga is Designated as a Region of Short Summer and Prolonged Very Cold Winters
Average Temperature of Taiga in Summer Ranges Between23 ?F- 45 ? and Average Winter Temperature Is Between -4 ?F -1 ?F
Taiga Soil is Young and Lacks Nutrients, Thinness of soil is traced to Cold climate, Soil is acidic due fallen pine needles detritus, creating Spodosol ( aluminum oxide with organic matter)

Importance to HUMANS: Taiga Forest take up huge amount of carbon dioxide and various other greenhouse gases and store carbon in plants

Ecological Impact: Ecosystem In the World is Balanced, from Producers to Predators If a Chain Is Removed By Extinction Balance Is Affected In Someway “EVERYTHING IS CONNECTED!!!” (Orilio)
During International Biodiversity Year, Conservation of Migratory Animals(CMS) Decided to…. Captive Breeding and Reintroduce The Species to The Biome, Satellite Tracking, Crane Awareness at Communities are current Basic Strategy Of Conservation

Other Human Impacts: Other Human Impacts On The Biome AreDeforestation where Humans Chop the Forest Down For Logging and “Paper” is Made From Wood Especially Spruce, Fir, Pine which are from The Taiga
Acid Rain Is also a Type Of Human Affect Which is Caused By People Burning Fossil Fuels which Toxicants the Atmosphere And Precipitates Little More Acidic Than Normal Rain

Ecological Interactions: Symbiotic Relationship: Lichen usually Grows on a Spruce Tree in Taiga Where Lichen Feeds On Dead Matter on the treeIntern The Tree Acts As a House For Lichen
Cooperative, In Taiga Is when Fungi Gets Nutrition From a Tree, And the Tree Is Neither Hurt Nor Harmed By Fungi.
Competition Occurs In Huge In Less Resource Taiga, One example is The Fox and weasel both Compete In Similar Food Niche

The Tundra biome is found in the areas in light blue.
Summer in the Tundra biome lasts only 6-10 weeks and during this season
temperatures do not exceed 50°F.
Precipitation in the Tundra reaches 6-10 inches annually.
Because of the cold temperatures plants cannot decompose, leaving their carbonremains in the tundra permafrost for thousands of years.
Because of global warming the permafrost melts releasing the carbon remains into the atmosphere contributing to a positive feedback mechanism in global warming.
Plants in the tundra such as Bearberry seen here use adaptations such as staying near the ground to avoid the strong tundra winds.
The Labrador Tea has a hairy stem to keep warm in the harsh Tundra climate.
The Diamond Leaf Willow also has a hairy stem and stays close to the ground to stay warm. This plant is uncommon as many animals eat it due to its high amount of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Calcium.
The Arctic Fox sheds its winter fur in mid spring to adapt to the altering temperatures of the Tundra biome and to provide camouflage.
The musk ox grows both an undercoat and overcoat to keep warm in the harsh winter season.
Musk Ox also have horns to protect themselves from predators such as the Arctic Wolf.
Endangered species include Musk Ox, Grizzly Bears, as well as Caribou seen here.
The grizzly bear spreads nutrients and eventually seeds through their scat which help herbivores such as caribou and musk ox thrive.
The loss of an animal such as the Grizzly Bear will have adverse effects on the biome as Caribou and Musk Ox both will no longer have the nutrients and seeds from the Grizzly Bear available to them.
Other possible solutions to the protection of the Tundra and its animals include limiting road construction and the construction of pipelines.
Potential solutions to the protection of endangered species include park reserves which will be used to minimalize human influence on the Tundra and its landscape.
Canadian Geese have invaded the tundra due to human development and civilization in other locations. Canadian Geese overuse crops and cause Cackling Geese to lose grassland to live and thrive upon. Canadian Geese also affect humans by damaging our resources and shelters.

The Red Fox has increased in numbers in the Tundra since it has been introduced by humans.
The Red Fox consumes lemmings and other food sources, therefore marginalizing the other predators.
The Red Fox competes with the Arctic Fox for food and has caused the Arctic Fox population to decrease.
Lemmings have of course been hurt because there are more predators than in the past.
Mutualism is observed in lichen with their alga and fungus subparts.
The alga uses photosynthesis to feed itself and the fungus, while the fungus provides protection for the alga.
Caribou fight to impress mates and to compete over food sources in the area.
Musk Ox compete for territory.
With the discovery of oil in the tundra humans have moved in and created more towns and roads.
This disrupts animals from feeding and denning on their traditional habitat, and has caused some animals to struggle finding food.
Footprints and tire tracks have caused the permafrost to melt, as a result of sunrays striking the tracks. This melting of the permafrost causes erosion altering the landscape.
Also, pesticides used to control insects go through the food chain and have reached many of the animals living in the tundra.

Works Cited
“Basic Facts About Grizzly Bears.” Grizzly Bear. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014.
“Cooperation and Competition Between and Among Species –
Artic Tundra.” Cooperation and Competition Between and Among
Species – Artic Tundra. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2014.
“Impact of Canada Geese in the U.S. (GEESE Case).” Canadian
Geese. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2014.
“MUSK OXEN.” – Arctic Wildlife. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014
“Native Animals and Adaptations – Artic Tundra.” Native Animals
and Adaptations – Artic Tundra. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2014.
“Symbiotic Relationships.” Tundra Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct.
“Tundra Climate.” Tundra Climate. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2014.
“Tundra Threats, Tundra Species – National Geographic.” National
Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2014.
“Tundra.” Tundra. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Oct. 2014.
“Tundra.” USCHS-APES -. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2014.