Utopia is a society believed to be fit for everyone. Thomas More presents the theme of the story to be the ideal society versus the corrupt society. Utopia is More’s elucidation to the hitches in commonplace physical world life. There are numerous references to England throughout the text that deal with the corruption occurring in England. The problems real societies face such as war, marriages, education, religion and jobs were among those heavily discussed in the story that More felt was necessary to elaborate on. England is seen as a corrupt society. This is given example through the dinner that Hythloday attended in England.
A lawyer was discussing the thieves that are given capital punishment if caught and was astonished by how much crime was still around. Hythloday was surprised that the lawyer was astonished because he felt that the punishment for a thief was cruel and had no benefit to the good of the people whatsoever. He claims that theft does not deserve death and it will not hinder a man from stealing in order to provide for himself and his family. Hythloday goes about to explain how a solution can be brought about to prevent stealing; providing economic, social and political monopolies that produced a never ending flow of theft.
Hythloday ends his argument by saying that God commanded in his teachings that man shall not kill and brought about a series of other helpful suggestions to the problem at hand. In Utopia there is no such thing as people not wanting to work because it brings Utopians great joy to be able to take part in something that they have dedicated themselves to mastering. With the entire community working there is always abundance, so much so that the work day is limited to six hours. Utopians aim for efficiency and because of the unity they exude, they accomplish more in a day than other nations.
This can be exalted through the story of how the island was formed with the leadership of Utopos. The people of Utopia are all engaged in farm work and every person; woman and man have a specific occupation. The women were considered to be less strong meaning that they do not demand heavy work. Unlike in European societies More points out that the Utopians are not required to toil and work all day, but moreover they are given their specialized trade and are not allowed to slack off or they are punished. Religion in Utopia is innovatively tolerant and kept simple.
Citizens are only required to accept three principles which they base their religion around. A number of religions however exist in Utopia they are similar in their way of believing in one god however the god for each religion has a different nature. For example there is animism of a sort, worship of a war hero, and also praise to the sun and moon. All the religions coexist with each other and practice complete tolerance of the others. The only belief in Utopia that is considered unacceptable and is not tolerated is atheism; many converted to Christianity when Hythloday came and spoke to them about Christ.
Utopians who did not believe in the afterlife were said to be selfishly acting on immediate pleasure and not focusing on the future advances. War in this ideal society is looked down upon and avoided at all costs. Utopians believe killing for any reason is not worthy of any glory and would prefer other methods of winning wars rather than brute strength. They believe intelligence belongs to humans only and strength belongs to the animals, meaning honorable victories come through maneuvering and intelligence rather than force and strength.
Their cunning begins through propaganda; posting flyers offering rewards for the assassination of a leader and a similar flyer is posted for leaders who betray their companies. When it is necessary Utopians hire mercenaries to do the killing sending their own generals to lead them, but as a last resort Utopians will fight and go to war themselves. However, no Utopian is made to go to war unless Utopia itself has been invaded and wives are allowed to fight side by side by their husband; but no enemy land or property is purposely destroyed.
Only certain people are allowed to trade manual labor for intellectual studies, every child receives a well-rounded education. Utopians believe that education is the foundation that allots for values of a citizen to come into play. While the Utopians do engage in manual labor during their off time they engage in intellectual pursuits, which prove the success of the Utopian education system in a sense. They are skilled like Europeans in every area of education however astrology is not practiced or believed in amongst Utopians. Utopians make a distinction between real and false pleasure.
A real pleasure would be that of staying healthy and knowing that you are healthy, being happy with your healthy body. A false pleasure would be that one of vanity with oneself. Finding happiness and pleasure in your own looks which takes amplible time away from the real pleasures of life is frowned upon in the Utopian society. In conclusion Utopia is considered to be the greatest social order in the world. As paraphrased from Hythloday, Everywhere else people are concerned with their own private interest however in Utopia people are more concerned with public welfare than anything else.
In utopia no man worries about food and poverty for himself or his family unlike everywhere else where men who do nothing live the life of luxury; in Utopia all people work and live well in means. Hythloday believes other societies to be nothing but a source for greed and pride and pride is un-godly. Only in utopia has pride been removed from society allowing people to live in harmony amongst each other. This society was meant to be the ideal society and when written More makes this Utopia into just that an ideal society to be compared with the corrupt England society.