Beowulf: Vocabulary Words

Beowulf: Vocabulary Words

foundling
a child found deserted
torques
necklaces of twisted metal
anathema
a person or thing that has been cursed or consigned to damnation
wassail
a drinking party; revelry
parley
to discuss terms, especially with an enemy
rabid
unreasonably furious; raging
thane
a man who held land for the king and gave military service in return
interlopers
those who thrust themselves into the affairs of others
mongering
causing; trafficking
formidable
hard to overcome; to be dreaded
brook
endure; tolerate
pinioned
bound the arms of
mizzle
drizzle in fine drops
mettle
courage; to be ready and anxious to do one’s best
bourne
realm; domain
bane
ruin; harm; curse
baleful
evil or harmful
canny
shrewd and cautious
ignominious
shameful; disgraceful; contemptible
coffer
used to hold money or other valuables
bereft
bereaved, deprived
keens
wailing laments for the dead
boons
benefits; blessing; favors
depredations
robberies by force
mere
lake or pond
hart
male deer
scud
run or move swiftly
bulwark
defense; protection
screes
sloping masses of rocky fragments
tempered
seasoned
sage
showing wisdom or good judgment; able to give good advice
fettle
condition of readiness for action
tender
offer in payment
damascened
gilded, etched, or embossed on steel
venerable
worthy of reverence; deserving respect
pariah
despised person; outcast
felicity
great happiness
overweening
thinking too much of oneself
alacrity
brisk, eager actions; liveliness
gannet
large fish-eating sea bird
whorled
circled with leaves or flowers
peerless
without any equal; matchless
offing
distant part of the sea as seen from shore
ensconced
settled safely; hidden
maw
gullet; stomach
accoutrement
clothing or equipment
scion
descendant; heir
barrow
a mound of earth or stones over an ancient grave or pit
trove
treasure
pillage
seizing by force; plunder
harrower
one who hurts or brings harm
gloaming
twilight; evening, dusk
linden
soft, white wood
prodigious
wonderful, immense, out of the ordinary
reconnoitre
survey or gain information about the enemy’s position and strength
wean
very young child
redress
payment; remedy
quarter
mercy
mercenary
a person who works solely for monetary gain
foiled
prevented from succeeding
supperating
discharging pus; festering
rampart
wide band of earth; embankment
fomented
evoked; promoted
filigree
delicate, lace-like ornamental wirework of gold or silver
pyre
pile of wood for burning a dead body
disdainfully
proudly; scornfully
wake
an all-night vigil beside the body of a dead person
rout
disorderly retreat of a defeated army
swathe
wrappings; bandages
graith
equipment; possesions
gainsaying
denying; disputing
dirges
funeral songs