“Good vs. Evil” in Beowulf

“Good vs. Evil” in Beowulf

In Beowulf Beowulf Is longest and greatest early Anglo-Saxon poem which was composed In England sometime in the eighth century AD by a literate scoop. This poem was created in the oral poetic tradition. This poem is considered as an epic because it is a long narrative poem which composed in an elevated style, dealing with the glories of hero (Tolkien 24). The setting of this epic is the six century in Denmark and southern Sweden.

The protagonist, Beowulf is a noble warrior represents the goodness battles against the evil monsters- Greened, Grenade’s mother and the fiery dragon In order to save his country. Beowulf victory over Greened and his mother shows the power of goodness can defeat the evil forces. Even though Beowulf is killed by the dragon in the end, his heroic death fulfills with courage and glory. He is selfless, even sacrifice himself in order to save his people’s lives; he is loyal to his kingdom all his life (Niles 89). His triumph of glory exposes the major theme of the epic. A major them in Beowulf Is “Good vs..

Evil” because the warrior Beowulf battles against God’ enemies In order to save God’s people. Beowulf kills Greened and becomes a noble hero. The first monster Greened, “a walker of darkness, he who bides in darkness and the black nights; he is the greatest of the night’s evil” (Halverson 100). Greened is descended from Cain who has been banished by God far from humankind settles the wilderness after his crime of murdering his brother (Magellan 123). Greened Is a “joyless den” (Halverson 100); he is Jealous of the happiness In the noble place, hall Horror; therefore. Is hatred drives him to attack the heroic society as a rejection of God. As John Layer in his ark, The Conflicting Demands of Heroic Strength and Kingly Wisdom states, ” Greened is opposed to God, evil incarnate, and his destruction by Beowulf is a triumph of heroic goodness over devilish evil” (57). This evil monster devours the flesh, blood and bones of many Danes wantonly until the arrival of Beowulf, the noble retainer, has both strong strength and great wisdom. Once he seizes Greened, he rips Grenade’s right claw from his shoulder by bare hand. Greened Is being defeated, he flees with fatally wounded.

Beowulf victory over Greened is an example of good prevailing over evil. Beowulf victory over Grenade’s mother is another example of good prevailing evil. Grenade’s mother is the “monstrous woman” (Chance 108). Her son’s death motivates her to revenge, As In scholar Jane C. Enlistee’s critical essay, The Structural unity of Beowulf: The Problem of Grenade’s Mother, states, “Later that night, Grenade’s mother intent on avenging the loss of her son in the present attacks Horror, her masculine aggression contrasting with the feminine passivity of both Hilbert and Halloween'(287-303).

She performs the role of avenger for the revenge of loss of her son in the battle. Her hatred and vengeance to the heroic society becomes evil. At night, she retrieves her son’s claw and murderously abducts one of the Scolding. Beowulf, Witt his heroic ethic, is a strong-willed leader. “He is a man Witt a personal sense of mission. His fine-gear is not merely the affection of pride, but the outward promise of strong action, equipment deserting respect” (Swanson 78). Beowulf, with a powerful mail-shirt and carrying a sword of Hurting, dives into the deep lake to seek Grenade’s mother.

Beowulf uses his sword to kill Grenade’s mother, but it is not strong enough to penetrate the ogre’s skin. Grenade’s mother tries to fight back with her knife, but Beowulf mail-shirt protects him. Suddenly Beowulf spots a magical, giant sword and uses it to cut through the monster’s spine at the neck, killing her. A brilliant light illuminates the cavern, disclosing Grenade’s corpse. He cut out Grenade’s head which is a symbol of his victory over both ogres. Beowulf battles against the evil dragon in order to save his people’s lives.

In Beowulf third battle, his opponent, the fierce dragon tires to destroy the country as retribution because a theft steals a valuable cup from his hoard; “The dragon as return more evil than any human enemy of house or realm… He is cruel, malicious and generally destructive to men and their work… A destructive force of nature functioning like an agent of fate” (Tolkien 105-113). The dragon is the evil force like Greened; it directs his wrath towards the dwelling of men (Halverson 103).

Beowulf is “an agent of God” (Hope 85), “a warrior brave and gentle, blameless in thought and deed” (Niles 89). His battle against the evil dragon is not merely for his glory and praise but rather for the people of his country. In scholar R. E. Sake’s work, The Governing Theme of Beowulf. Beowulf: the Donaldson Translation Backgrounds and Sources Criticism, he mentions, “For one thing, the theme of Beowulf defending the Great nation certainly gains added significance from his not only facing death, but undergoing it bravely and willing for his people’s sake” (127).

Beowulf remains loyal to God and his people as a model of heroic conduct (Imagines 120). He has the courage that he is willing to sacrifice himself in order to save his people’s lives. Even though Beowulf is old and his strength becomes weak, he still insists on fighting the argon alone. However, his trusted sword, Angling, is no use for fighting the monster. Seeing his king in trouble, Wigwag, a young warrior goes to assist Beowulf. They finally kill the dragon, but Beowulf is also mortally wounded in the battle.

After dying, Beowulf becomes the epic hero, whose body is buried with highly glory and treasures in his funeral on the top of the barrow. In Colon Campbell This Old Dragon Still Breathes Fire, he mentions the following: The fallen hero- king is placed upon a pyre and given over the flames amid the lamentations of his people. They erect over his ashes a royal barrow in which they hide the dragon’s treasure. Twelve warriors circle the mound on stalwart seeds, praising the virtues of their slain leader (15-16).

This is also an example of good prevails evil since the evil dragon is being defeated even though Beowulf, the epic hero sacrifices himself in the end. Through Beowulf battles against those three evil monsters, Greened, Gender’s mother and the fierce dragon, exposes the major theme in the epic, “Good vs.. Evil”. Owe the epic hero remains loyal to his kingdom and his people. He performs God’s duty to eliminate all the evil forces in order to save God’s people. His victories on Greened and his mother show the power of goodness prevails evil.

Even though he sacrifices himself, the evil dragon is killed in the end. His heroic death is fulfilled with glory and praise.