The Republic – the Allegory of the Cave
The Republic – the Allegory of the Cave islayu The Republic Notes Dialogue between Socrates (protagonist) and Glaucon (interlocutor) Stage I Round inside cave * Been there since childhood, legs and necks fettered * Fire burning behind and above them * See artifacts carried by people along wall of path Honours, praises, prizes for those sharpest at identifying shadows & order of shadows honored and held power; rewards are desired / envied * Truth is nothing other than the shadows of those artifacts Stage 2.
Freed ot bonds, look towards light * Cured of *ignorance” * Pained and dazzled, unable to see things Whose shadows he’s seen before Be at a loss; believe that the things he saw earlier were truer than ones he was being shown ncm * Look at light: eyes hurt, turn around and flee towards (shad on’S) * They re clearer than the ones he’s being shown Stage 3. Leaving the cave * Pained and irritated at being dragged up path into sunlight * Unable to see a single one of the things said to be true (at first) Stage 4.
Getting adjusted See shadows most easily reflections of things in water things themselves Study things in sky & sky itself easily at night than looking at sun & light of sun THEN see sun itself and able to study it * Sun provides seasons and the years, governs everything in visible world, cause of all things he used to see * No longer envy prizes, prefer to ‘Work the earth as a serf to another. one without possessions” go through sufferings rather than live as he used to. Stage 5.
Going back to cave & same place * Eyes be filled with darkness, vision dim gad at competing in recognizing shadows invite ridicule, said to have eyesight ruined, isn’t worthwhile to try travel outside * Others: kill whoever to free them and lead them upward Metaphors: Prison Dwelling I Visible Realm Light of Are Pujer of Sun Upward journey & study ofthings abovel Upward journey of soul to intelligible realm Sun Form of Good – last thing to be seen, reached with difficulty In knowledgeable realm, Form of Good ( – Sun) is the last thing to he seen & reached with difficulty * Cause of all correctness, beautiful in anything Visible Realm: produces light and its source * Intelligible Realm: controls and provides truth & understanding Anyone acting sensibly in private/public must see it * People at this point are unwilling to occupy themselves with human affairs * Souls are always pressing upwards, want To spend rime above * When people turn from divine study to evils of human life * Behave awkwardly. ppears completery ridiculous when disputing/contending about the way things are understood by people who have never seen justice * Eyes confused in 2 ways from 2 causes isturbed and unable to see things Come from light into darkness * Come from brighter life, is dimmed through not being accustomed to dark Come from darkness into light * From greater ignorance into greater life, dazzled by increased brilliance Declare 1st soul happy in its experience life * Pity the 2nd soul, less ridiculous to laugh at 2 than I Education I. Freed from chains that bind them 2_ Forced to turn to light Forced to accept things as they truty are, rather than what one perceives it to be Not about sharpness, hut about the direction,